Yes, I know that in 1882 Lindemann proved that π (3.141) is transcendental, but nobody has ever proved that π = 3.141. The way the value is currenlty calculated is by using a method of integration, and as you can see here, I believe at best it is a very close approximation.

Therefore, this site is dedicated to the search for a mathematical proof using any method not based on integration.



The symmetry of pi


Because the circle and the square are both symmetrical, we would expect pi/the 'squared circle' to have perfect symmetry.




My books on pi


All my work is available to view or download for free.


The golden ratio

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the search for a mathematical proof of pi.
a look inside the e-book 'pi versus pi'.
a look inside the e-book 'search for proof of pi #1'.
a look inside the e-book 'search for proof of pi #2'.
ancient knowledge of squaring the circle.